The Health and Social Care Act 2012 introduced some big changes to the way the NHS works. Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) have been created to enable healthcare professionals, such as GPs and nurses, to work with patients and have more of a say over how NHS services are provided locally.

CCGs took over many of the planning and buying responsibilities of Primary Care Trusts (PCTs) and Strategic Health Authorities (SHAs), including:

most planned hospital care (when you're referred by your GP)
rehabilitative care
urgent and emergency care (including the out-of-hours GP service)
community health services
mental health and learning disabilities services